Network pharmacology and transcriptomics analysis reveal the mechanism of BushenHuoxue formula attenuates premature ovarian failure via modulation PI3K/AKT pathway

BushenHuoxue in premature ovarian failure


  • Weibo Zhao
  • Yue Chen
  • Jianing He
  • Si Chen
  • Jiayun Shen
  • Beibei Jiao
  • Tian Li
  • Mengqing Su
  • Tianjiao Mao
  • Peijuan Wang Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine


BushenHuoxue formula, Autoimmune premature ovarian insufficiency, Network pharmacology, Transcriptomics, PI3K-AKT pathway


This study aims to analyze the active components and mechanism of Bushen Huoxue (BSHX) formula on the autoimmune premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) by combining network pharmacology and Transcriptomics. The active components and targets of BSHXF were screened through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). POI-related targets were identified through Therapeutic Targets Database (TTD), DisGeNET and drugbank database. The Veen diagram was performed to obtain the action targets. The active compound-target network and Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) network were built by using STRING database and Cytoscape software. Key targets and active compounds were further identified by topological analysis. Molecular docking shows that Kaempferol, Isorhamnetin and Anhydroicaritin have strong binding to AKT. Finally, a zp3-induced autoimmune ovarian function deficiency mouse model was used to explore the potential mechanism of POI. The potential pathways of BSHXF for the treatment of POI were identified by Transcriptomic analysis. PI3K-AKT and NF-kb pathways were the common pathways between network pharmacology and transcriptomics. Our results revealed that BSHXF could reduce the FSH expression levels and raise the E2, and AMH levels in the serum. Western bloting demonstrates that BSHXF could upregulate the expression of p-PI3K and p-AKT.





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