A new mode for the diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma

Novel diagnostic mode for angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma


  • Hongxia Wang
  • Xiuhua Han Jiading District Central Hospital Affiliated Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences
  • Yanhong Nie
  • Chunfang Zhang
  • Jing Li
  • Rong Yang
  • Yajun Jiang


angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, immunolocalization, diagnosis


In order to explore a new mode for the diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), 31 cases of AITL and 28 cases of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) were used as the study subjects. Identifying T follicular helper (TFH) cells with CD4, CD10, Bcl-6, and PD-1, identifying proliferative B cells with CD20 and EZH2, identifying proliferative follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) with CD21 and CD23, and analyzing the value of TFH/B/FDC proliferation and immunolocalization in the diagnosis of AITL. (1) Outside the inherent lymphoid follicles, simultaneous proliferation of TFH/B/FDC (a new diagnostic mode) were observed in AITL [83.87%; 26/31], with their immunolocalizations in the same site [83.87%; 26/31], while this phenomenon was not observed in 28 cases of PTCL-NOS (P<0.05). (2) The sensitivity and specificity of using this new mode to diagnose AITL were both high (83.87%, 100%), which was superior to CD2 (100%, 0%), CD3 (100%, 0%), CD4 (100%, 32.14%), CD5 (100%, 25%), CD10 (61.9%, 100%), Bcl-6 (42.86%, 100%), PD-1 (83.87%, 96.43%), and its Youden Index (0.84) was the highest. The areas under the curve (AUC) of CD10, Bcl-6, PD-1, and new mode to diagnosis AITL were 0.81, 0.71, 0.90, and 0.92, respectively, while the new mode had the highest AUC. The simultaneous proliferation of TFH/B/FDC cells outside the inherent lymphoid follicles can be used to assist in the diagnosis of AITL, and the simultaneous spatiotemporal proliferation of TFH/B/FDC cells is a specific immunomorphology of AITL.





Original Research Articles