Protective effect of exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on hypoxia reperfusion injury of cardiomyocytes

Exosome protection against cardiomyocyte hypoxia reperfusion injury


  • Di Zhao
  • Yanling Bu
  • Haifeng Shao
  • Jian Wang
  • Wenhua Li
  • Qiang Li The Third Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University


Exosomes, Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, Cardiomyocytes, Ischemia/reperfusion, miR-101a-3p, Oxidative stress, Inflammatory reaction


We aimed to investigate the cardiomyocyte-protective effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-derived exosomes on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-injured rats and to explore the mechanisms. Cardiomyocytes were divided into control group, ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R group), ischemia/reperfusion+exosome group (I/R+Exo group) or ischemia/reperfusion+exosomes transfected with miR-101a-3p inhibitor group (I/R+Exo inhibitor group). MiR-101a-3p levels were lower in I/R and I/R+Exo inhibitor groups than in control and I/R+Exo groups. Apoptosis rate and cleaved caspase 3 expression were higher in I/R and I/R+Exo inhibitor groups. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in cardiomyocytes of I/R group and I/R+Exo inhibitor group were lower than those of control group and I/R+Exo group, and the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the relative production of oxygen species clusters (ROS) in cardiomyocytes of I/R group and I/R+Exo inhibitor group were higher than those of control group and I/R+Exo group. The levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) were higher in the I/R group and the I/R +Exo inhibitor group than in the control group and the I/R+Exo group. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that Pik3c3 is the most promising gene involved in miR-101a-3p-mediated apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, and in vitro experiments confirmed that low expression of miR-101a-3p significantly up-regulated the mRNA and protein expression levels of Pik3c3. BMSCs-derived exosomes have a protective effect on cardiomyocytes from I/R-injured rats, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of oxidative stress and inflammatory responses in cardiomyocytes by exosome-delivered miR-101a-3p.





Original Research Articles